Euro-Mediterranean Green Jobs: a challenge for Mediterranean partner countries

With the launch of the EGREJOB project in Florence, on June 2014 in the framework of the ENPI CBCMED programme, Tuscany Region, Sardinia, Catalonia, Andalusia, Tunisia and Lebanon, together with ITC ILO and later on CITTALIA, jointly took up Green Jobs challenge. Several considerations and contextual conditions are at the core of this choice. The world is facing a worsening youth employment cri- sis: young people are three times more likely to be unemployed than adults and almost 73 million youth worldwide are looking for a job. The ILO has warned of a “scarred” generation of young workers fa- cing a dangerous mix of high unemployment, increased inactivity and precarious work in developed countries, as well as persistently high working poverty in the developing world. From the other side, Green Economy is one of the key strategic domains for economic growth and job creation to overcome the employment crisis. Its potentiality is demonstrated, for instance, by the employment growth in the Green Economy that has been positive throughout the recession and is forecast to remain quite strong. In fact, despite all the uncertainty surrounding market and policy developments, it is predicted, with some con dence, that the transition to a low-carbon and resour- ce-ef cient economy will require a signi cant expansion of employ- ment in a number of green economic activities that either replace polluting activities with cleaner alternatives (for example, renewable energy displacing fossil fuels) or provide environmental services (for example, waste management and reforestation). The evolution of markets for products and services, R&D and innovation policy, new regulatory frameworks and market-based instruments are changing

industrial and economic structures towards greater resource-ef – ciency, leading to a rede nition of many jobs across almost all sec- tors and considerable churn related to the closure and contraction of existing businesses alongside new and expanding businesses. Managing this industrial transformation requires, among other thin- gs, labour markets that facilitate the necessary adjustment in an ef cient, sustainable and inclusive way. The structural changes have implications for occupational skill requirements. Skills requirements are also changing in many existing jobs. That’s why it becomes more and more crucial to develop education, training and skills to support greener economies, identify training needs and implement training activities to meet the needs of ‘green’ employers promoting the de- velopment, disseminate and use green technologies among industry, promote the take-up of green technologies among consumers/hou- seholds, create awareness of and social pressure for the transition to a greener economy. In a word: Taking a long-term view.EGREJOB addresses all these challenges through its actions targeted to build the consensus over the green economy potentialities among key sta- keholders of the concerned area (Tunisia, Lebanon, Italy and Spain), to detect the green job potentialities in the concerned territories and to anticipate skill needs, to incubate new green job skills, capitalise the existing good practices on the overall EGREJOB project.

The activities realised until now foster our con dence about the re- levant results the project will be capable to produce.

Tuscany Region

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