EGREJOB was approved in the framework of the ENPI CBC MED under the Priority 4 Promotion of cultural dialogue and local governance.
The overall objective of the project is to close skills and unemployment gap of the concerned Mediterranean basin area to enhance young and decent employment opportunities (and thus contrast the brains drain) by disclosing the green economy job potentials, with the final aim of enhance the competitiveness of the involved territories.
The Project intends to build an Euromed incubation system of skills in the green job field that will result in:
- Easing the entering into the labour market of around 100 young people, and women (50%) in particular (coming from the partners territories), within decent conditions, with a skill specialisation in an area – the one related to green jobs – with an high development potential in the concerned territories.
- For the public authorities of the concerned territories, in catching the green jobs opportunity to implement labour policies with high occupation potential within “Decent” conditions.
- For the Mediterranean Systems of the concerned territories (with the main related actors of the Innovation and research, the employment, training and education, economic systems) seizing the Green jobs potentials for better and sustainable economic development).
The 2007-2013 ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme is a multilateral Cross-Border Cooperation initiative funded by the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). The Programme objective is to promote the sustainable and harmonious cooperation process at the Mediterranean Basin level by dealing with the common challenges and enhancing its endogenous potential. It finances cooperation projects as a contribution to the economic, social, environmental and cultural development of the Mediterranean region. The following 14 countries participate in the Programme: Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Palestine, Portugal, Spain, Syria (participation currently suspended), Tunisia. The Joint Managing Authority (JMA) is the Autonomous Region of Sardinia (Italy). Official Programme languages are Arabic, English and French (www.enpicbcmed.eu)
The project Egrejob total budget is € 1.763.952,10 Euro and it is financed for an amount of 1.587.556,89 Euro (90%) by the European Union (ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme) through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument.
Before considering what is to be understood by a ‘green job’ it is useful to consider related terms such as ‘green economy’. The concept of green economy and green jobs is relatively new although sustainable development was defined in a report prepared by the United Nations Brundtland Commission in 1987, Our common future.
Words such as ‘green’, ‘environmental’ and ‘sustainable’ are often used interchangeably to describe companies, people or technologies that do “greenish” things. Although they are not synonymous, they are all commonly used to refer to the way in which natural resources are used to produce goods and services.
The term ‘green jobs’ usually refers to people working in ecologically sustainable or environmentally beneficial jobs.
Increasingly, the scope of a green economy is seen as going beyond the creation of environmental goods, services and jobs, since it includes the broader dimensions of energy and resource efficiency, poverty eradication, social equity and human well‐being as well. Many approaches have the added dimension of promoting social justice and decent work. As there is no single, agreed definition of the green economy, the discussion of its potential relation to sustainable development continues.
The definition of green jobs is also the subject of debate, and there is at present no consensus on the subject among researchers and practitioners. Most take an industry approach, identifying green jobs in industries that are judged to produce green products and services. The ILO and UNEP offer a broader definition in their 2008 report, Green jobs: Towards decent work in a sustainable, low‐carbon world, which comprises employment in green sectors as well as green occupations. It also includes employment in parts of economic activities that may not produce green product and services, such as construction, manufacture or transport, which operate in an environmentally friendly manner.
The Ilo Green Jobs report (2008) defines green jobs as:
“… work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution.”
(from “Comparative Analysis of Methods of Identiﬁcation of Skill Needs on the Labour Market in transition to the Low Carbon Economy” 2011)
Many national governments are developing their own definitions, either to serve as a basis for collecting statistics or for making policy choices. More often than not, however, there is little agreement at the national level as to what is green and what is not green.
The main Egrejob outputs are:
ETEC (Euro-mediterranean Training and Employment Committee): it will be a multi-stakeholder platform, formed by key “green jobs” players such as local and regional authorities, SMEs, universities, training and labour agencies, employment centers, professional associations and trade unions from both shores of the Mediterranean Basin, that supervise, monitor and strategically coordinate all project activities.
Green Job Feasibility (Green Job Assessment): it will provide the Public actors and the Mediterranean Systems with fundamental tool, based on a “what if” scenario, the skills analysis and the analysis of linking employment and social development policies with green economy, realised for each concerned territory and for the overall cooperation area, allowing the development of targeted strategies in the framework of the transition to the green economy. Based on the analysis a Green jobs database will be created.
Modelling of EGREJOB training and qualification path: it will allow its replication and therefore its use by the interested stakeholders (Public institutions, Actors form the Mediterranean System).
Training module on skills for green jobs based on the results of the Feasibility study: 10 young people will participate to a specific formative session formed by theoretical modules and training on the job
Certification of Green skills: it will disclose new job opportunity for the young people who will see their competences to be recognised to open up green jobs chances and potentialities in a wider area, facilitating their mobility.
EGREJOB permanent platform: integrated with the Green jobs database, it will be a precious matching tool at disposal of youth green job seekers and green jobs providers, allowing them to enhance their opportunities of seizing green jobs opportunities.